新澳门萄京娱乐《The 奥地利共和国n School- Market Order and Entrepreneurial Creativity》读书笔记

by admin on 2019年11月30日

  好习惯是攀登胜利巅峰的阶梯,好习惯是开启成功之门的要是!好习惯不应该在脑海中“雪藏”,而是要执着践行。还在等什么,赶快行动起来吧!从今天起,让我们一起“读透真题记搭配”,让背单词变得更简单更轻松。

在社会结构中,企业家是负责盈利的(以盈利为目标导向),消费者是负责购买的(以购买为目标导向),企业家和消费者在进行多伦博弈之后,逐渐产生了一种共赢方案,一个独立的第三方暴力垄断机构:政府。从企业家和消费者对立的角度而言,其实可以产生非常多的政治制度解决方案,比如企业家投票组成的参院和消费者投票产生的众院等等,在非联邦制下面是否可以考虑也是蛮有意思的脑洞。

翻译

考试形式为段落汉译英,翻译内容涉及中国的历史、文化、经济、社会发展等题材,文章长度为180-200个汉字。

▶能短则短,越短越不容易出错。多用连接词。

▶翻译重点考察语言的应用能力,所以在考试时,应尽量避免使用一些过于简单的词汇,而应选择一些更高级的词汇。比如”have
to”可以换成”be obliged to”,”help to”可以换成”contribute
to”。但是,不出错是还是最优先的。

▶试着用几个词去解释自己突然想不起的单词,或者找同义词,近义词来替换。

如“匿名”对应的单词是”anonymity”,可以用”a unknown
name”来代替。”美化”对应的单词“beautify”,可以用“make sth more
beautiful”来代替。

常见的一些搭配:

动词和名词的搭配:raise awareness, adopt measures, take steps, adopt
approaches

动词词组的搭配:give a green light to, deepen one’s understanding of,
pave the way for

形容词和名词的搭配:compelling reason, ample evidence, harsh punishment

名词词组搭配:environmental awareness, coverage of crime, health effect

介宾短语的搭配:in the media, on the internet, on television, in
newspapers

表示某个特定意思的习惯搭配:close the rich/poor gap, discriminate
between right and wrong,have a higher chance of developing cancer, fail
to achieve work-life balance

避免中式英文的直接翻译:

improve the problem →solve the problem or improve the situation

contact with violence→exposure to violence

advertisements about children→advertisements aimed at children.

1/ 仔细阅读

仔细阅读建议在听力完成后直接开始做,核心是【审题】。

  7.enterprise事业

新澳门萄京娱乐 1

另外,S搜集了网上的热点预测

汉语热

汉语热指近年来越来越多的外国人开始学习汉语的现象。在很多国家,学汉语的人数在迅速增长。据统计,全世界已有109个国家、3000多所高等学校开设了汉语课程。一项调查显示,他们学习汉语的主要目的是去中国旅游、从事贸易活动、了解中国和中国文化。汉语热背后的原因是中国经济的飞速发展,它使中国的国际地位和影响力得到了提升。全球“汉语热”传达了世界各国人民渴望了解中国文化的信息。

Chinese language craze refers to the phenomenon that a growing number of
foreigners start to learn Chinese. The number of Chinese learners
increases rapidly in many countries. According to statistics, more than
3000 institutions of higher education in 109 countries are offering
courses on Chinese language. A survey indicates that they learn Chinese
for the main purpose of travelling in China, engaging in trade
activities and knowing China and the Chinese culture. The underlying
reasons for this craze lie in the rapid development of China’s economy,
which enhances the international status and the influence of China. This
global Chinese language craze conveys a message that people around the
world are eager to know the Chinese culture.

银发产业:

“银发产业”是一个新名词,是指以老年人为目标客户的产业。其范围十分广泛,包括健康服务、家政服务、旅游娱乐和教育等各个领域。随着中国进入老龄化社会,银发产业蓬勃发展。老年人出游人数逐年增长。越来越多的老年人选择在退休后进入老年大学学习。相关统计数据表明,全国60岁以上的老人超过了总人口的11%。目前,“银发产业”市场需求达到8000亿元左右,产业还有很大的发展空间。

Silver industry is a new term referring to the industry targeted at
senior citizens. It covers a wide range of fields, including health
service, home service, tourism and entertainment, education and so on.
With China stepping into the aging society, the silver industry gets
prosperous. More and more elderly people go travelling every year and
choose to study in the universities for senior citizens after they
retire. Related statistics show that the number of senior citizens aged
more than 60 accounts for 11-odd percent of the population in China. At
present, the market demand of the silver industry stands at about 800
billion RMB, giving great room for the industry to develop.

交通拥堵:

交通拥堵是世界各国普遍面临的问题。近年来,我国城市化水平空前加快,大中城市交通拥堵问题尤其突出,交通阻塞已由局部向大范围蔓延。这不仅影响了城市生活的效率和质量,而且带来了环境污染、能源紧张等一系列经济社会问题,严重制约了城市的发展。要想解决这一问题,良好的公共交通是必不可少的。实行低票价政策,是实现公交优先的基本保证。从长远来看,则要大力发展轨道交通(rail
transportation),降低路面拥堵。

Traffic jam has been a problem shared by all countries around the
world.In recent years,the urbanization of China reaches an unprecedented
level,which leads to especially prominent traffic jam in large and
medium-sized cities.The problem of traffic jam has extended from part to
a wide range.Traffic jam not only affects the efficiency and quality of
uiban life,but also causes a series of economic and social problems like
environmental pollution and energy deficiency,which greatly restricts
the development of cities.To solve the problem,well-organized public
transportation is indispensable.Low ticket price is the basic guarantee
of priority of public transportation.In the long term,we must vigorously
develop rail transportation to lessen traffic jam.

选秀节目:

选秀(draft),指选拔在某方面表现优秀的人。中国自古就有,古代选秀一般是宫廷选秀。从2004年《超级女声》开始,大众选秀节目开始进入我们的视线,这类几乎“零门槛(zero
of
threshold)”的选秀活动让所有人都有机会成为明星。之后的《好男儿》、《快乐男声》、《我型我秀》还有《中国好声音》等等选秀活动一一登场,几乎一刻都没有让中国的电视观众闲着。通过这些选秀活动,很多有才能的
“平民百姓”实现了自己的梦想,走上了星光大道(avenue of stars)。

A draft refers to a procedure during which people who perform well in a
certain aspect are picked out.In ancient China,there were also drafts
which generally referred to court drafts.From the year 2004 when Super
Girl was on,talent show programs began to come into our sight.Such kind
of nearly“zero threshold”talent show offers everyone an opportunity to
become popular.Later,there came My Hero,Super Boy,My Show and The Voice
of China.As these talent show programs appeared one by one,Chinese TV
audience hardly had time to rest.Through these talent show programs,many
talented “ordinary people”realized their dreams and stepped on the
avenue of stars.

出国留学热:

早在100年前,出国留学就被视为一种强国之策。直至今日,越来越多的学生热衷于出国留学。但当下风行的留学热,掺杂着一定的盲目性和随意性,从而导致很多问题的发生,如许多留学生花掉家中积蓄,搭上个人青春,到头来却是半途而废,有的甚至成为恶习缠身的“问题学生。”最好不要盲目地跟随当前的这股出国留学热,选择适合自己的发展方向才是最重要的,因为“三百六十行,行行出状元”。

As early as 100 years ago,studying abroad was seen as a strategy to
strengthen the national power.Now,more and more students crave for
studying abroad.Students nowadays are a bit aimless and casual when
craving for studying abroad, which leads to many problems like
exhausting all the savings of their family,wasting their youths but
ending up by giving up halfway and even becoming trouble-making
students”with many bad habits.It’s better not follow the current craze
of studying abroad blindly and it’s most important to choose the
direction fit for oneself,for“one can perform well in any field”.


一、标准化的做题步骤

1.扫读题干,看懂每道题在问什么,找到五道题的共性和联系,了解文章主题和结构

2.
处理文章,把握文章的主题和结构,找到每道题在文章中的定位出处,重点看考点句

3.对比作答,将原文信息和选项进行一一对应,对文章做精确改写的选项是正确答案

  10.诠释语言的基本结构=unfold the fundamental structure of a language

新澳门萄京娱乐 2

听力

今年的听力要千万注意“近音陷阱”。举个栗子:

W: I ‘ve got to buy a new car.

M: Really?

Q: What does the woman mean?

选项:

A) She purchased a car recently.

B) She knew the car was in the lot.

C) She always forgets to clean her car.

D) She really needs a new car.

可以看出,B)项中的knew是对原文中new的近音干扰,C)项中的forget是对have
got
to的近音干扰。因此,在遇到这类题时,一定要仔细,不要一看到干扰项就立即作出选择,从而中了题设陷阱。

▶命题常见3大原则:

1. 顺序原则

听力出题的顺序和听到的内容顺序一致:都是从前往后顺序出现的。做题时应该根据顺序原则定位。

2. 同义替换

正确选项和对应的听力原文答案句存在同义替换现象,六级听力中尤其常见。

3. 转折处常设出题点

语音语调变化,如升降调表疑问、表转折等处常设考点。

相应地在做题时,应该注重抓听以下标志词:

最高级标志词

The most/ chief / primary / main / lead

唯一级标志词

only / unique / prefer / perfect

逻辑关系词

1)注意表示转折和对比的逻辑词:but,however, nevertheless, while, in
fact, whereas, unexpectedly, unfortunately, yet, except, on the other
hand, compared to, unlike, instead, in contrast to等

2)注意表示因果的逻辑词:as a result, since, due to, because of,
therefore, thus, so

3)注意表示否定的逻辑词:not, no, rarely, seldom, never

4)表让步的逻辑词:despite, in spite of, although, though

转折、因果、否定部分的内容一般是说话人强调的内容

总结项标志词

all in all / in brief / to conclude / at last / in summary / in short

以下5大原则帮你敲定正确答案

第一招:相近原则

当选项中有两项表达意思相近时,那么正确答案必在这两项之中!这时只需稍微听一听对话,即可知答案,如果出现了双重相关,便可直接确认正确选项,只需听完对话加之认证一下即可!

典型真题:2016年6月六级听力第10题

A) They will feel less pressure to raise employees’ wages.

B) They will feel free to choose the most suitable employees.

C) They will feel inclined to expand their business operations.

D) They will feel more confident in competing with their rivals.

分析:A、B两项均含有they will
feel和employees,相比其他两项更具相关性,正确答案应该在A和B选项中。

第二招:相反原则

当选项中有两项表达意思相反时,那么正确答案必在这两项之中!

典型真题:2016年6月四级听力第11题

A) It poses a challenge to seniors.

B) It saves both time and money.

C) It is childish and unprofessional.

D) It is cool and convenient.

分析:C、D选项结构一样,表达意义相反。正确答案应该在C和D选项中。

第三招:视听一致原则(划重点!)

被读到单词(个数+次数)最多的选项是正确答案

还以上面这道4级真题为例,听力原文如下:

W: He said he’d never text message. He thinks it’s very childish and
unprofessional to text message.

M: Yeah, I can see what he means. It’s considered pretty informal to
text message someone.

刚才我们通过相近相反原则已经确定答案在C和D中,听到childish and
unprofessional可以直接选出。

C) It is childish and unprofessional.

D) It is cool and convenient.

提醒:如果有2个选项均有多个单词被读到,那么标记被读到的单词次数。哪个选项单词被读到的次数最多,哪个就是正确选项!

第四招:概括、抽象保留原则

当选项中出现比较概括、抽象的句子时,这时我们就要把表述事实的、具体的句子划掉,而去选择表概、抽象、比较性的句子!此原则可衍生出一个包含取大的原则,在作题时应用也是十分的广泛,一般当两个选项的意思接近时,表述比较全面的一般为正确选项!

典型例题:

A)The visiting economist has given several lectures.

B)The guest lecturer’s opinion is different from Dr. Johnson’s.

C)Dr. Johnson and the guest speaker were schoolmates.

D)Dr. Johnson invited the economist to visit their college.

分析:A、C、D均为表述事实的句子,只有B项为对比、比较的句子,较之A、C、D项更为抽象的表述了一件事情,所以B项为正确选项!

第五招:态度和虚拟保留原则

正确答案,表虚拟的选项更容易是正确答案!

其他tips:

▶新闻越前面越有可能是答案;

▶对话女生说的一般会是答案;

▶日期、价格、数字、时间,记得做笔记。

2016年12月大学英语四级听力真题(含材料和文本):

2016年12月大学英语六级听力真题(含材料和文本):

不妨利用最后的10天,进行以下步骤的真题训练:

预读选项— 完整听题— 对答案— 跟读模仿— 裸听— 再次跟读和裸听

关于高频词汇,文末有200个汇总,大家可以拉下去看哦。


二、接下来分别展开讲解这三个步骤小伙伴们需要做的事情,和注意事项

1.
扫读题干,看懂每道题在问什么,找到五道题的共性和联系,了解文章主题和结构。

考官一般会选择文章的重要信息出题,所以读完5个题干,很多情况下就能够大致了解一篇文章的主要内容。小伙伴们拿到一篇阅读不要先看文章,先看5个题干。然后再通过做每一道题,顺便读到对应的文章信息。这样题目按顺序做,文章也能按顺序读完。

在读题干的时候要注意三件事:

不要读选项

读选项一方面浪费时间,另一方面小伙伴们读选项是时一定会读到混淆选项,会对接下来的做题有影响。

尝试找到文章主题词

并不是每篇阅读都能在题干中找到主题词,但小伙伴们如果能发现某个词在5个题干中反复出现,这就是文章的主题词。接下来做题读文章时,注意包含主题词的句子。这种句子重要,可能会和正确答案有关。另外找到主题词对做题也会有帮助,下文会有解释。

注意每道题目的定位词

先读完5道题干,对题目的定位有重要帮助。比如,大家做第二题的时候始终找不到定位,但是如果能先找到了第三题的定位,那么第二题查找就更容易了。

2.
处理文章,把握文章的主题和结构,找到每道题在文章中的定位出处,重点看考点句

(1)定位词

尽量优先选择题干中的名词定位。然后要注意题干有没有特殊的副词或形容词,仔细阅读中题目中常出现副词或形容词,这一细节大家不要忽略。

比如,六级真题中

54. Who particularly benefit from the rising volume of trade?

题目特意提及,谁“尤其particularly”受益,如果大家注意到这一细节,即可发现原文对应的especially,
直接命中答案定位句,而不是把时间浪费在阅读全段上。

四级中同样有类似的出题点:

  1. What will the current economic crisis eventually do to some married
    couples?

题目问到“最终的影响”,很多小伙伴们忽视了eventually,在回原文定位时花了大量时间,最终选了经济危机的起初影响。

所以,抓住题干的副词或形容词,有助于我们精准的定位,节省时间又能准确命中,大家在考前的练习中应该注意。

(2)定位尽量选两个词,回避全文核心词

很多小伙伴们在定位的时候随便找一个单词就回原文定位,这样既浪费时间,又不能精准找到答案位置。

如果题目出现了两个特殊的名词或短语,尽量用两个一起找答案。

比如:

  1. What is the conventional view about women screening for breast
    cancer?

在这道题目里,很多小伙伴就用cancer一个单词回原文找答案,这时会发现信息太多,不能精准确定,全文都是cancer一词,根本无法找到。

我们不妨选用特殊的词汇:conventional view以及breast
cancer一起找。即抓住题眼–conventional view(传统观点)又抓住了细节信息“breast
cancer”乳腺癌。

很多小伙伴把仔细阅读的错误归结到自己基础不好,词汇量不够。

其实很多时候,都是在单词认识的情况下仍然把题目做错。原因就是疏忽大意,没有仔细审题,造成不必要的失分。

希望以上的提醒能帮到大家避免一些不必要的错误,在审题时能更准,更快抓住题干的重要信息。

(3 )顺序原则定位

自从06年四级改革以来,四级阅读几乎从来没出现过信息乱序的情况。也就是说第一题的信息区间,一定在第二题的前面。第三题的信息区间,一定在第二题的后面。所以小伙伴们如果第二题做不出来,千万不要通读全文去理解,推测作者意图做题。可以先做第一题,再做第三题。两题之间的信息区间中,就隐藏着第二题的正确答案。

(4)信息区间

找到题干对应文章的一句信息之后,小伙伴们继续向下读,(在读到下道题信息出现之前)一般就可以找到正确选项对应的信息。

只有两种情况,小伙伴们需要向上找寻信息:

a.定位到的信息为数字串,或举例说明部分。

b.出现了逻辑关系词(therefore,so,as a result)或代词(that is,these are)

(5)考点句

考点句就是原文中,考官出正确答案那个句子。一般来说,这些句子就是文章中提示重要内容的一些信息。下面是总结的四级阅读中常见考点句的一些标志。

①对比转折关系

a.对比:while、whereas、on the other hand

在解释句子题、插入句子题中,一旦出现对比关系,学生在掌握的基础上就能非常快速的判定句间和句内的关系。While、whereas
前后连接的是平行结构,on the other hand前必定有on one
hand,可以用来把握句间关系。

b.转折:but、although、nevertheless、however

转折是英语四级阅读的一个经典考点之一,掌握这些转折词对考试非常有帮助。

②比较关系

a.同级比较:the same to

b.比较级:more than、-er than

c.变化:change、alter、vary、modify、revise、increase、decrease、enhance、diminish、develop、progress、advance、improve、retreat、degenerate、continue、remain

d.差异:different、distinguish、separate、same、similar、comparable、compare
to

e.超越:surpass、exceed、excel、over

f.最高级,本身有最高级含义:maximum、minimum、peak、outstanding

g.本身程度比较深:amazing、surprising、astonishing、prohibitively

h.否定+比较=最高级:No one is more outstanding than him.

③否定关系

a.显性否定:no、not、never、nor、none neither

b.隐形否定:fail to、refuse、remove、mi、reject、aence of、lack of

c.否定前缀:a-、ab-、dis-、il-、im-、in-、non-、un-否定前缀是词汇题中经常出的一个考点,把握否定前缀可以帮助考生把握一些生词,依靠否定前缀对选项进行一个排除。

d.双重否定:not fail to、not illegal、not uncommon、not
unavailable
双重否定是英文中经常运用的表达方式,由于在平时中文对话中用的很少,随意对双重否定的把握就显得特别的重要。

④因果关系

因:because、because of、for、as、since、in that、on account of、with

果:so、so that、therefore、thereby、as a
result、hence、thus、consequently、accordingly

因果关系除了传统意义上的显性因果表达词外,隐性的因果同样是不可忽略的一个重要部分。

隐性因果:

a.导致(因-果):cause、reason、lead to、give rise to、result
in、render、make、let、ask、push、stimulate、fuel、produce

b.由…而来(果-因):result from、derive from、originate from、initiate
from、stem from、be attributable to

c.反映,体现(果-因):reflect、present、demonstrate、suggest、imply

d.考虑到:given、considering、in view of、thanks to、according to

e.依赖于:rely on、depend on、resort to

f.条件关系:when、once、as soon as、As long as

g. 分词短语,不定式做状语:Failing in the final exam, she cried.

3.
对比作答,将原文信息和选项进行一一对应,对文章做精确改写的选项是正确答案。这里换一个2011年12月最鲜活的例子,让小伙伴们再熟悉下我们的做题口诀,一一对应。

原文:

Boys’ schools are the perfect place to teach young men to express their
emotions and involve them in activities such as art, dance and music。

Far from the traditional image of a culture of aggressive masculinity
(阳刚), the absence of girls gives boys the chance to develop without
pressure to conform to a stereotype. a US study says。

Boys at single-sex schools were said to be more likely to get involved
in cultural and artistic activities that helped develop their emotional
expressiveness, rather than feeling they had to conform to the “boy
code” of hiding their emotions to be a “real man”。

  1. The author believes that a single-sex school would ____ 。

A) force boys to hide their emotions to be “real men”

B) help to cultivate masculine aggressiveness in boys

C) encourage boys to express their emotions more freely

D) naturally reinforce in boys the traditional image of a man

正确答案:C

小伙伴们一定要记住,一个答案之所以正确,就是因为它和原文信息形成了含义或语义成分的一一对应。single-sex
school定位在文章第三段。C选项的encourage对应原文的helped
develop,选项中的express their emotions对应原文中的emotional
expressiveness,选项中的more freely对应原文中的more
likely。一一对应,所以正确。

以上即是标准化的做题步骤,简单总结,读题干,定位,对应

谨记:任何方法如果不经过反复训练也只是空谈,任何号称一招解决所有题的技巧都是空谈,我们只能结合适用于大部分问题的方法经过训练找到一套适合自己的思维模式的解决之道。

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  2.从认知的角度理解=in cognitive terms,其中in
terms表示“从……角度理解”。

The exercise of entrepreneurship does not require any means.  That is to
say, entrepreneurship does not entail any costs and is therefore
fundamentally creative.  This creative aspect of entrepreneurship is
embodied in its production of a type of profit which, in a sense, arises
out of nothing, and which we shall therefore refer to as pure
entrepreneurial profit.  To  derive entrepreneurial profit one needs no
prior means, but only to exercise entrepreneurship well. It is
particularly important to emphasize that any act of entrepreneurship
brings about three extraordinarily significant effects. First,
entrepreneurship creates new information. Second, this information is
transmitted throughout the market.  Third, the entrepreneurial act
teaches each of the economic agents involved to tune their behavior to
the needs of the others.  These consequences of entrepreneurship, as the
authors of the  Austrian school have analytically formulated them, are
so important that they are worth studying closely one by one.

作文

▶来自人民日报的108个进阶版黄金句式

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如果还有英文语法、常用语、和热点新闻方面的疑问,在阅读翻译作文上有任何困惑,快去抱住

Pop
On外教的腿啦。尤其是听力,和外教聊天,有助于快速培养考前语感,适应歪果仁的吐字发音哦


目前四六级阅读主要分为三个部分:仔细阅读+信息匹配题+选词填空

  9.成功的学术生涯的先决条件=a prerequisite for a successful academic
career

It is clear that, just as the difference between the “rich” Robinson
Crusoe with the stick and the “poor” Robinson Crusoe without it lay in
the capital good the former had obtained through prior saving, the
essential difference between rich societies and poor societies does not
stem from any greater effort that the former devote to work, nor even
from any greater technological knowledge that the former hold. Instead
it arises mainly from the fact that rich nations possess a more
extensive network of capital goods wisely invested from an
entrepreneurial standpoint.  These goods consist of machines, tools,
computers, software, buildings, semi-manufactured goods and so on, and
they exist due to prior saving by the nation’s citizens.

还有最后10天!**

小伙伴们,天气很闷热;还在为高考结束的学弟妹们感到高兴;还有一个月就暑假了,正在高兴地买回家的票、准备暑期旅行、准备暑期实习…

S姐非常体谅你们此时此刻复杂的心情和思绪。然而!离四六级真的只有10天了好嘛!

别怕,S姐又来送《CET4/6之临阵磨枪秘籍》了。一天提高5分,10天就是50分。还来得及!

作文听力仔细阅读匹配题翻译选词

  11.stem阻止

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距2017年6月四六级考试

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  3.constrained受限的,有限的

time preference
是奥地利学派提出来的,非常有意思的概念,企业管理有时候就是协调团队的
time
preference,让人的相对随机行为转变为统一协调的行为,从而产生更明显的波峰和波谷,完成个人所难以达到的目标,管理者需要具备调整相关人员
time preference 的能力。

阅读

很多小伙伴说,没有办法理解原文的某些句子。他们倾向于一遍一遍重复去读。非但没有读懂,反而浪费了时间。

不用慌,有句子读不懂是很正常的!关键就在于,通常阅读理解的句子构成包含以下几种逻辑。将逻辑梳理清楚,则可以进行选项排除:

因果关系:

显性的because,so无需多说,隐性因果关系包括:

A 导致(因-果):cause、reason、lead to、give rise to、result
in、render、make、let、ask、push、stimulate、fuel、produce

如:The increased presures of expanding population have led to the
removal of woody plants so that many cities and tow are surrounded by
large areas completely lacking in trees.

在这段话中,有lead to表示了导致的意思,即结果,而so
that更进一步表示了后面的结果,所以可以充分判定这段话有因果关系的逻辑。

B 由…而来(果-因):result from、derive from、originate from、initiate
from、stem from、be attributable to

如:“The extreme serioue of desertification results from the vast areas
of land and tremendous numbers of people affected,as well as from
thegreat difficulty of reversing or even slowing the proce.”

在这段话中,根据result
from可以推断出有因果关系,那如果是解释句子题时,选项中有因果关系就可以优先考虑。

C 反映,体现(果-因):reflect、present、demonstrate、suggest、imply

D 考虑到:given、considering、in view of、thanks to、according to

He succeeded thanks to(in view of) his effort.

E 依赖于:rely on、depend on、resort to

He resorted to books when he had problems.

F 条件关系:when、once、as soon as、As long as

As soon as he got the money, he would leave the country at once.

G 分词短语,不定式做状语:Failing in the final exam, she cried.

转折关系:

A 对比:while、whereas、on the other hand

在解释句子题、插入句子题中,一旦出现对比关系,学生在掌握的基础上就能非常快速的判定句间和句内的关系。While、whereas
前后连接的是平行结构,on the other hand前必定有on one
hand,可以用来把握句间关系。

B 转折:but、although、nevertheless、however

比较关系:

A 同级比较the same to

B 比较级:more than、-er than

C
变化:
change、alter、vary、modify、revise、increase、decrease、enhance、diminish、develop、progress、advance、improve、retreat、degenerate、continue、remain

D
差异:
different、distinguish、separate、same、similar、comparable、compare
to

E 超越:surpass、exceed、excel、over

F 最高级,本身有最高级含义:maximum、minimum、peak、outstanding

G 本身程度比较深:amazing、surprising、astonishing、prohibitively

H 否定+比较=最高级No one is more outstanding than him.

从这句话中可以看出,否定加比较表示的是一种最高级关系。

否定关系:

显性否定:no、not、never、nor、none neither

隐形否定:fail to、refuse、remove、mi、reject、aence of、lack of

否定前缀:a-、ab-、dis-、il-、im-、in-、non-、un-否定前缀是词汇题中经常出的一个考点,把握否定前缀可以帮助考生把握一些生词,依靠否定前缀对选项进行一个排除。

双重否定:not fail to、not illegal、not uncommon、not
unavailable双重否定是英文中经常运用的表达方式,由于在平时中文对话中用的很少,随意对双重否定的把握就显得特别的重要。

其他tips:

▶先看提干,后看文章,带着问题去勾画关键词;

▶找到文章主题,实在看不懂文章,就通过主题来选;

▶寻找矛盾选项,对立面可以帮助你找准选项。


2.解题步骤

1)按词、性给选项分类

这一点建议小伙伴们要做到尽可能的细化,基于上面的命题规律的分析,知米妞建议大家把选项分成七类,分别是:动词(原形),名词(单数、集合),形容词,副词,-ing(形容词、名词、动词现在分词),-ed(形容词、动词过去式、过去分词),-es/s(动词单三、名词复数)。这样的分法可以使每类下的所属单词做到最小化(一般2~3个,最多4个,很可能只有一个),而且分类明确对后面解题也会极大提高效率。

请看2013年12月2四级选词填空的词性分类情况

动词(原形):C) demand I) promote N) view

名词(单数、集合):E) experience L) tension N) view

形容词:A) additional D) excessive

副词:无

-ing:无

-ed:B) applied K) specialized M) trained

-es/s:F) explores G) graduates H) operations J) qualifies O) worsens

2)判断文章中空格的词性,到相应的类别中去根据意思寻找答案

如何能快速的判断文章中空格的词性呢?其实办法很简单,是早在大家初中阶段就已经学习过的,句子的基本构成。

初中的英语学习大多数的时间我们都在学习句子构成,主谓宾,主系表,陈述句,疑问句,感叹句,祈使句,单数复数,主格宾格,各种时态等等等等,这些说到底其实还只是一个句子,简单句。而高中的学习中我们就深入到了复合句,这种相对复杂,相对高级的英语语法知识。

在选词填空时一定要结合初中的句子构成的知识,来判断空格的词性。例如2013年12月四级真题中的第39题:

Those who stay on for an ___39___ two years can earn a master’s
degree that ___40___ them as nurse practitioners (执业护士) or
clinical nurse specialists.此题由于出现在冠词an的后面,同时又是在two
years之前,根据基本的语法规则,名词前面可以用形容词来修饰,而形容词之前还可以再加冠词限定一下整个形容词与名词的组合。故第39题只能是形容词了。所以先查看纯形容词类型的备选项,A)
additional和D)
excessive,两个单词又是一组近义词辨析词,答案只可以在这两个词里。选项A是“额外的”意思,而D是“过剩的”意思,代入原文,那些再待在__39__的两年的人能获得硕士学位。故本题应该选择A项。

又如:

At Columbia, he was  ___42___ as a nurse practitioner.

第42题空格前面为was,后面是as a nurse practitioner,简单来说就是as
somebody。根据基本语法中的be done as
somebody可以得知,本空应该为-ed结尾的动词过去分词形式,查看备选项有:B)
applied,K) specialized和M)
trained,结合句意:在哥伦比亚,他被__42__成为一名护士从业者。故本题应该选择M项。

3)注意事项

还有几点小问题希望小伙伴们注意,比较琐碎:


如果一个句子有两个以上的空格,建议把整个句子读完后再由后向前解题,这样能适当的降低一些难度。


文章中如果空格前后有连词,一定要好好利用。尤其是并列连词,这既是词性的提示,也是含义的提示。


注意文章内部的重复,内容当中一般都会对段首或篇首的主旨进行某种重复,找到重复也就找到答案了。


养成良好做题习惯,有自己的符号系统,动词如何标记,名词如何标记,做到自己非常熟悉一目了解,可以大大提高做题的速度。每选出一项就把该项划去,避免重复选择,也是提高速度的办法。

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好啦,以上就是知米妞精心为大家整理的四六级阅读高分技巧,希望看完的小伙伴考前多加练习,大家都要拿高分哦!!!

另外,如果你觉得知米妞的文章不错,希望你可以帮忙转发到朋友圈,你的一个转发对知米妞真的非常重要哦~

动动手指,转发一下,情满人间。

祝大家都能取得好成绩。

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如果你觉得知米妞的文章对你有帮助

欢迎点赞或者转发分享给你的小伙伴

mua~

  10.prerequisite先决条件

He asserts that economic scientists should always adopt the subjective
perspective of the acting human being, and that this perspective should
exert a decisive influence on the way in which all economic theories are
formulated. Hayek, in reference to this new subjectivist conception
Menger proposes, even writes: “It is probably no exaggeration to say
that every important advance in economic theory during the last hundred
years was a further step in the consistent application of
subjectivism.”

首先屡一下考试安排:

▶时间

6月17日

四级-125分钟9:00-11:20

六级-130分钟15:00-17:25

▶时长

总时长130分钟

作文30分钟

听力30分钟

阅读40分钟

翻译30分钟

tip:尽快完成翻译,把多的时间留给阅读

▶分数

满分710分,合格425分

作文106.5分

听力248.5分

阅读248.5分

翻译106.5分

▶保底得分指南

酱紫你还有25分可以扣!

作文60分

听力150分

阅读150分

翻译60分

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新澳门萄京娱乐 18


文章比较长,建议大家转发&分享,mark住没事常拿出来看看!

  早动手的切入点

Hayek always wished to avoid involvement in politics. Furthermore he
considered the role of the intellectual, who must make scientific truth
their chief goal in life, to be incompatible with the role of the
politician, who is always obliged to yield to the dictates of public
opinion to secure votes (Hayek 1991, 45). Hence Hayek believed that in
the long term, efforts directed toward convincing intellectuals (thus
his great success in founding the classical liberal Mont Pèlerin
Society) or influencing public opinion would be much more productive.
(Hayek dissuaded  Anthony Fisher from entering politics and convinced
him that it would be much more useful to create the Institute of
Economic  Affairs, and later the  Atlas Research Foundation, to spread
classical liberal ideas throughout the world.) So without the strategic
initiatives that Hayek took, it would have been impossible to conceive
of the change in public opinion and in the intellectual sphere which led
to the fall of the Berlin  Wall and to the free market/conservative
revolution that took place in the USA under Ronald Reagan and in the UK
under Margaret  Thatcher, a revolution which has exerted, and continues
to exert, such a powerful influence on a worldwide scale.

200个高频词汇

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最后,小伙伴们,真题卷买了吧,现在还藏着舍不得做,难道要see you next
year嘛~

事在人为,S姐只能帮到这里啦。

祝福你们▼▼**

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比心~

六月新版Pop On即将上线

期待惊喜

👇

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那么知米妞建议,大家做四六级试卷的时候可以参考以下答题顺序:

  早动手的具体方法

Economics is not about things and tangible material objects; it is about
men, their meanings and actions. Goods, commodities, and wealth and all
the other notions of conduct are not elements of nature; they are
elements of human meaning and conduct. He who wants to deal with them
must not look at the external world; he must search for them in the
meaning of acting men. (Mises 1996, 92)

3/ 选词填空

建议在精读和匹配题完成后再做

核心思路:1、确定空格所填词性;2、找出词性对应的单词;3、按意思填入空格,使前后句子通顺。

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