二零一四考研拉脱维亚语:搭配记念法巧解英译汉

by admin on 2019年11月29日

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working
parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at
home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Give them advice and support
Encourage them to think independently
Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
Help them achieve their potential

  来源:文都教育

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their
parents.

  6.可确定的原因:identifiablecauses

Feel lonely and isolated

  ④其他可以找到的犯罪行为的原因包括在学校的挫折和失败、毒品和酒越来越容易获得、虐待孩子和忽视孩子的事件越来越多。

Peer pressure
Are in their formative years
Often act on impulse

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies
consist of one-parent households or two working parents;
consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than
was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental
supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other
identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in
school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing
incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to
increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a
direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

Lack self-control
Do not think about the consequences of their actions
Commit a crime

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or
failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and
the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem

  ③缺乏父母监督被认为对青少年犯罪率有一定的影响。

6 Develop good moral values

  结构提示:frustration or failure in school, theincreased
availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of
childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语共同组成句子的宾语。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

  8.某事发生越来越多:thegrowing incidence of something

Reduce/ prevent youth crime
Become law-abiding citizens

  7.犯罪的行为:offensiveacts

2 Build strong family relationships

  ②单亲家庭或者父母都要上班的家庭越来越多,这样一来,家庭对孩子的管教比传统家庭可能会少一些。

Teach children the difference between right and wrong
Teach children about social responsibility

  【参考译文】

Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework

  “搭配记忆法”对我们记忆单词、攻克翻译题有很大的帮助,但任何巧妙的方法都需要在长久的练习中熟能生巧,希望大家在以后的复习过程中,能按照这种方法把真题吃透,日积月累,你会发现效果真的不错!

Spoil their children
Permissive parents
(Children) can behave as they please

  【翻译练习】

11 Prepare them well for adult life

  4.增加可能性:increasethe probability

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child
committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not
yet been established。

Break school rules
Unacceptable behavior

  5.直接的因果关系还没有建立起来:adirect causal relationship has not
yet been established

10 Youth crime

  结构提示:than was common in the traditional
familystructure体现比较的逻辑关系,比较的双方是现在的孩子与传统家庭的孩子。

1 Good parenting

  ①这些年,家庭也发生了一些变化。

7 Good behavior

  【高频考点】

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

  ⑤所有这些条件往往会增加青少年犯罪的可能性,尽管它们之间直接的因果关系还没有确定。

(School) prepare students to be…
Produce well-rounded individuals

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